Processing methods for packing waste in developed countries

In recent years, increasing packaging waste has brought considerable pressure on environmental protection and has become a headache for governments. Some developed countries are under pressure from resource crises and the urgent need to prevent pollution. Have developed. “Green packaging.” At present, the recycling and recycling of packaging materials resources have formed new industrial systems in developed countries such as Europe, the United States and Japan. Their successful experiences and practices are worthy of our reference.

Japan: Japan is committed to improving people's awareness of environmental protection. MITI announced a set of recommendations for product packaging. The content involves the disposal of consumer product packaging waste, reducing the amount of waste, and encouraging recycling. It is suggested that a deposit should be collected from the customer when the product is packaged for environmental protection such as a styrofoam dish for sale. The deposit will be refunded when the customer returns the plastic disc, or it will not be used at all. To complement this proposal, the Japan Department Stores Association established a committee to study ways to save energy and resources and work closely with suppliers and packers. The committee set two sets of departmental commodity packaging standards.

The two sets of standard environmental protection points are: packaging materials or containers must not endanger human health, and should minimize the use of packaging materials that are difficult to dispose after disposal. Try to reduce the volume of the package. Even without packaging. Even the product of choice should also adopt the simplest packaging. In terms of the recycling of packaging waste, as early as the early 1980s, Japan's packaging waste paper recycling rate reached 50%. Tokyo's waste paper recycling rate is as high as 50%. Due to the high recovery rate of waste paper. Japan has become the second largest paper producer in the world. In Japan, there are 2oo waste glass recycling centers that reduce the amount of garbage in Japan by 5%, and Japan has consistently controlled the use of certain plastic packaging materials that cannot be biodegraded. And use as much as possible a wide range of recycled packaging materials. Such as paper bags, cartons.

United States: The United States attaches importance to the implementation of packaging waste disposal charges and reuse. According to the US “Packaging Digest”, the Florida State Government is actively implementing the Waste Disposal Prepayment Law, or ADF for short, to cover the costs of packaging waste to consumers of free choice of goods. In order to encourage the recycling of packaging container manufacturers and support the implementation of this law, the ADF Law provides that as long as a certain level of recycling is achieved, it can apply for exemption from waste taxation. For example, according to the various material recovery rates published annually by the US Environmental Protection Agency (DEP), containers with a recovery rate of more than 50% can be exempted from pre-payment to encourage all manufacturers to ensure that at least half of their products are recyclable.

At present, the annual recycling of used carton packaging in the United States is more than 40 million tons, and the recycled waste carton used for recycling is reused again by chemical methods.

Europe: EU "Green Plan". EU member states plan to double the amount of waste glass recycling within two or three years. It is estimated that this measure will save 25 million L of oil, save 2 million tons of raw materials, and save 20 million mark of waste disposal fee. Reduce waste glass in waste by 20%. Representatives of the Dutch packaging industry signed a contract with the government. The contract includes foreign products circulated on the Dutch market. The contract clearly states that: as of July 1, 1997. 65% of the packaging material must be reusable. 45% of the packaging materials are recycled, and the remaining 20% ​​are incinerated in a recycling process (ie new energy is generated when incinerated).

Switzerland is implementing a plan for the recycling of PET and glass bottles. In 1988, the domestic packaging recycling rate in Switzerland reached 80%. Currently, a pre-paid deposit of 0 5 francs for each can and each beverage container is still implemented. To facilitate the recycling of packaging containers.

Germany implemented the "Circular Economy Law." In legal form, commodity producers and distributors must recycle packaging waste. The decree requires that containers and packaging be labeled with a green sign. Consumers should use this sign to put the waste into a special bin and then recycle it by a dedicated company. The recycling company is co-founded by producers and distributors. Commodity producers and distributors based on their output and sales. Pay the recycling company a green fee. The ordinance stipulates that the use fee for green marks is determined by the degree of difficulty in the recycling of packaging waste. In order to reduce the use fee of the green logo. Related enterprise containers and packaging materials strive to make packaging simple and lightweight. According to statistics, in the past 5 years. In Germany, nearly 20 million tons of household and retail product packaging waste are reduced every year. According to the provisions of the Law on Recycling, the products applicable to the above-mentioned laws and regulations will be expanded to automobiles, electronic appliances and textile products, and gradually expanded to furniture, construction waste, etc. to minimize the generation of packaging waste, reduce the pressure on the environment, and expand the use of waste. Recycling of packaging materials. According to statistics, the proportion of newsprint currently produced in old packaging paper in Germany ranges from 50% to 60%. People see a lot of products on the market with waste packaging paper. Such as notebooks, toilet paper, manuscripts, etc. More than 71% of the glass bottles consumed in the market are recycled. Close to the government's request of 72%. The German government also promoted the industrial sector to convert PVC bottles containing drinking water to PET bottles and requested that 50% of PET bottles be recycled.

As a developing country with a lack of resources, China has a long way to go for environmental protection. We have the responsibility to put it. "Green packaging" is placed in an important position in environmental protection work. Starting from the three aspects of recycling of packaging materials, ease of handling, and reduction of pollution, we will research and develop new types of "green packaging materials." We will strengthen the development of green packaging in China through legislation. As a big country with 13 out of trade, we should emphasize the greening of 13 commodities. In order to meet the needs of the international green packaging development.

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